Fresh Wind and Raised Sails: New Paradigms of Faith (Part One)

Cover of "A New Kind of Christianity: Ten...
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Mick Turner

The Grace of God is like the wind blowing across the sea; if you want to reach the other side you need to raise your sail.

Rufus Jones

Over the past decade author and teacher Brian McLaren has stirred up a hornet’s nest of controversy within the church, particularly among those believers of a more conservative, fundamentalist bent. Fueled by his own spiritual journey as well as a deep understanding that the church must find new wineskins in which it can spread the life-giving teachings of Jesus, McLaren has stepped on more than a few theological toes along the way.

McLaren clearly understands that his mission is a daunting one, yet he continues to move forward in spite of a constant din of criticism coming from the more rigid, backward-looking quarters of the faith. As a person who cares deeply about the church, McLaren also knows that unless these new wineskins are developed, the massive exodus from the sanctuaries across America will continue.

In A New Kind of Christianity McLaren lists ten questions that might frame the discussion, which leads to a fresh definition of the faith. These questions are:

  1. The narrative question: “What is the overarching story line of the Bible?”
  2. The authority question: “How should the Bible be understood?”
  3. The God question: “Is God violent?”
  4. The Jesus question: “Who is Jesus and why is he important?”
  5. The gospel question: “What is the gospel?”
  6. The church question: “What do we do about the church?”
  7. The sex question: “Can we find a way to address human sexuality without fighting about it?”
  8. The future question: “Can we find a better way of viewing the future?”
  9. The pluralism question: “How should followers of Jesus relate to people of other religions?”
  10. The-what-do-we-do-now- question: “How can we translate our quest into action?”


In describing the current context in which these vital questions are being asked, McLaren makes the following cogent remarks:

These ten questions are, to recall Dylan’s epic line, blowing in the wind around us. Even if we’ve never heard them articulated, they have been hovering just outside our conscious awareness. They trouble our conventional paradigms of faith just as the ten plagues of frogs, gnats, flies, and hail plagued the Egyptians in the Exodus story. When people tell us to be quiet and accept the conventional answers we’ve been given in the past, many of us groan like the ancient Hebrews when they were forced to produce bricks without straw. We cry out to God, “Please set us free!” We cry out to preachers and theologians, “Let us go! Let us find some space to think, to worship God outside the bars and walls and fences in which we are constrained and imprisoned. We’ll head out into the wilderness – risk hunger, thirst, exposure, death – but we can’t sustain this constrained way of thinking, believing, and living much longer. We need to ask the questions that are simmering in our souls.”


If recent history tells us anything for certain, these questions are indeed being raised. And one more thing – if sincere, thinking, seeking followers of Jesus cannot find the freedom to explore their questions, doubts, and concomitant gray areas within the parameters of the traditional faith, they will find that freedom elsewhere. The exodus from organized Christianity over the last half-century proves this beyond any question.

I sincerely believe McLaren’s voice is a prophetic one and his message, although he would never admit or assert this, is of divine origin. God is calling to his people, insisting that they come out from the theological and denominational prisons religious leaders have fabricated over the centuries. A fresh wind is blowing my friends, a wind that carries a message of liberation, hope, and rejuvenation.

 And just as in those biblical times so long ago, anytime a prophetic wind sweeps across the landscape, voices of opposition arise in an attempt to quell the latest movement of God. Shamefully enough, more often than not those contrary voices come not from the non-religious, but instead, from our religious leaders themselves. This is no less true today than it was at the time of the Master. Jesus contended with the Pharisees of his day and so do we. With an agenda bent upon maintaining the status quo at all cost, these critics are loud, judgmental, and fearful. McLaren has been accused of apostasy, heresy, and everything from being the brother of Beelzebub to creating a limp-wristed Jesus.

Turning briefly to another angle on all of this, it is important that we understand that the term “Christian” has taken on a generally negative connotation in contemporary culture. Perhaps this is somewhat less true in the Bible Belt where I live, but for the most part, when people hear the word “Christian,” it brings to mind a stereotype of “rigid, judgmental, narrow-minded, homo-hating bigots.”  Whether this reality is justified or not is open to debate, however, the fact is such a reality indeed exists. Perhaps this has occurred as a result of far too many professing Christians have settled for an empty shell of the real thing. Jesus charged us with making disciples, not Christians. McLaren explains:

We might say that “Christians” are people who have entered a certain sedentary membership or arrived at a status validated by some group or institution, while “disciples” are learners (or unlearners) who have started on a rigorous and unending journey or quest in relation to Jesus Christ. It’s worth noting in this regard that the word “Christian” occurs in the New Testament exactly three times and the word “Christianity” exactly zero. The word “disciple,” however, is found 263 times.


I can say without reservation that what we need today is not more Christians, but instead, more disciples of Jesus. By that term I don’t mean a cadre of holier-than-thou Morality Marshalls or Thought Police and certainly not a mega-flock of Super Christians out to convert the heathen and keep an eye on the Democrats.

I am talking about an increasing number of highly committed, consecrated disciples of the Master who seek to deepen their vital connection with the Divine and bring about his kingdom on earth – a noble mission if there ever was one. Driven by a heart of compassion flowing from an internalized understanding of the interconnection of all existence, these rejuvenated disciples form communities that thrive on consistent, loving service to others while, at the same time, seeking to establish religious, social, economic, and political institutions based on kingdom principles of equality, justice, and compassion.

 Brian McLaren is but one of a host of fresh voices being used by God in this exciting yet challenging time. Like McLaren, many of these relatively new voices are calling for a reevaluation of all that has gone before. And believe me when I say this is no small, isolated movement. It is, instead, a groundswell emerging from the spiritual grassroots. Fueled by the energy and passion of many young, vital believers this new Christianity is attracting a great deal of positive attention from those outside the traditional church culture. Social researcher George Barna puts it this way:

The United States is home to an increasing number of Revolutionaries. These people are devout followers of Jesus Christ who are serious about their faith, who are constantly worshiping and interacting with God, and whose lives are centered on their belief in Christ. Some of them are aligned with a congregational church, but many of them are not. The key to understanding Revolutionaries is not what church they attend, or even if they attend. Instead, it’s their complete dedication to being thoroughly Christian by viewing every moment of life through a spiritual lens and making every decision in light of biblical principles. These are individuals who are determined to glorify God every day through every thought, word, and deed in their lives.


Giving a more personal face to this new breed of Christ-follower, Barna, in his seminal volume entitled, Revolution: Finding Vibrant Faith Beyond the Walls of the Sanctuary, describes a “Revolutionary” by the name of David this way:

David, you see, is a Revolutionary Christian. His life reflects the very ideals and principles that characterized the life and purpose of Jesus Christ and that advance the Kingdom of God – despite the fact that David rarely attends church services. He is typical of a new breed of disciples of Jesus Christ. They are not willing to play religious games and aren’t interested in being part of a religious community that is not intentionally and aggressively advancing God’s Kingdom. They are people who want more of God – much more – in their lives. And they are doing whatever it takes to get it.

to be continued……

(c) L.D. Turner 2011/All Rights Reserved


2 thoughts on “Fresh Wind and Raised Sails: New Paradigms of Faith (Part One)

  1. Hi Mick,

    Thanks for this post. Judging from many of the New Calvinist blogs that I have visited lately, there is extreme hostility by many of these authors (but not all) to Brian McLaren, Rob Bell, Tony Jones, Doug Paggit, Philis Tickle and others in the emergent movement.

    If these blogs are representative of U.S. evangelicalism ( I hope they are not), is it any wonder that radical followers of Jesus are leaving evangelical churches in droves.

    I hope a new kind of Christianity is born out of this drift from the conventional churches, one that finds answers to Brian McLaren’s very thoughtful questions.


    John Arthur

    1. Mick Turner


      I couldn’t agree with you more. I deeply identify with many of the struggles with the faith that McLaren describes in several of his books. And yes, I hope as well that a new flavor of vibrant Christianity can be born out of this period of searching and limbo. It is sad that many of the blogs have such negative things to say about McLaren, Bell, Jones, It reminds me of the wrath many of the self-appointed “Watchmen on the Walls” lashed out with, directed at folks like Richard Foster and others. I truly believe that something very rich and vital will come of all this, as the soil is quite good right now, even with all the bickering. I pray each day for patience and the ability to not get caught up in it. If I do, I will lose my direction and my right to speak. Thanks for the comments and please come by often. Your insight is appreciated.


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